Moles or ‘melanocytic nevi’ are unusual spots on the skin that are usually light brown, pink or black in color. They are circular in shape and not only mar the beauty of the skin but also cause irritation, redness and even bleeding. While some are there from the time of birth, others appear at different stages in life. Exposure to sun and trauma to the skin are considered to be two of the major reasons for their appearance at various stages in life. They commonly occur in the shaving area and the area on the neck where the shirt color is buttoned.
Although many opt for mole removal, they can be left alone if they are not too marring and do not cause much irritation and bleeding. If they change color and shape and crack, then they are a cause for concern, and a doctor should be consulted immediately.
These abnormalities are extracted either for cosmetic reasons or because they might become harmful if left on the skin. Surgically, this can be done either by excision, with or without stitches, or by cauterization. The surgery takes less than thirty minutes. The doctor numbs the area where the abnormality is and extracts it either by shaving it off or cutting it away with a scalpel. Getting rid of it can be painless, and it can be done in a clinic.
Electrosurgery is another popular method. In this procedure, not only is mole removal done with the help of a scalpel after numbing the area, but the deeper tissues are also destroyed with the help of an electric needle. This ensures that it does not grow in the future. The area is then stitched.
The melanocytic nevus, singular of melanocytic nevi, can be extracted by a dermatologist using laser surgery. A laser is used to destroy it without damaging the surrounding area. However, laser technology is not widely used, as oftentimes, it does not penetrate deep enough to destroy the deeper tissues. It normally takes up to two weeks for the skin to be completely healed.
Cryotherapy is a nonsurgical procedure, were liquid nitrogen is applied to destroy the cell tissues. Although it is an effective method, it is painful and the liquid must be applied once every week.
Prescription or OTC products that contain tissue destroying acids also help to get rid of this abnormality. This is not a very popular method, as it takes a long time to work and also harms the surrounding skin.
All methods lead to scarring. After surgery is done, all that is needed are a few pain killers. The area must be taken care of properly. It must be protected from water and cosmetic products until new skin is formed over the next few days. To prevent complications, the area where it was extracted must be treated with care. The area should not be exfoliated, tattooed or pierced. Also, it should not be exposed to excess sun and heat.
It is always useful to gather as much information as possible about the different procedures before going in for treatment. You can also check this helpful information.