It is a common name that refers to viral infections resulting from the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Two types of the HSV exist, namely HSV 1 and HSV 2. HSV 1 causes cold sores and fever blisters in the mouth and on the lips. It may cause sores in the genital area too. HSV 2 usually causes genital herpes, characterized by skin sores in the genital area. These conditions are highly contagious and spread through direct contact with blisters and lesions, unprotected sex and via kissing.This article explores treatment options for it.To begin with, note that there is no cure, as it is the case with other viral diseases.The treatment options only help to relieve the symptoms, speed up healing of the sores and reduce recurrence of future outbreaks.
Several drug-monitoring organizations including the Food and Drug Administration of The United States has authorized several drugs to this effect.
Lysine creams and ointments help control cold sores. Oral anti-viral drugs are only issued to control cold sores in case of a particularly severe outbreak, such that creams will not work. Common oral anti-viral drugs are Valacyclovir, Famciclovir and Acyclovir.
Acyclovir is available in the form of pills, creams and injections. It is more effective than Famciclovir in treating both genital and oral sores. Valacyclovir, on the other hand, is converted by the liver and the intestines into Acyclovir.Among them is lysine, which provides relief by speeding up healing of sores and reducing future outbreaks.
There also exist several natural and herbal control measures for cold sores , among such remedies is ice. Applying an ice pack on the affected skin area helps prevent spreading of sores to other body parts. Aloe Vera is another such commodity, which owing to its anti-inflammatory properties; it facilitates fast healing of sores and blisters. Other natural control measures include coconut oil, petroleum jelly, lemon balm and tea tree oil.
A weakened immune system increases the chances of severe infections. In such a case, the virus is often more resistant to antiviral drugs or proves to be harder to treat. This may call for other medications, or use of higher doses of the mentioned drugs. Common causes of weakened immune systems include HIV/AIDS infection, leukemia, and long-term corticosteroid use, among others.
In the event of an intercourse, barrier protection methods are a necessity to prevent transmissions. Another vital measure in avoiding transmissions is by avoiding sharing of items that have come into contact with the infected site.
Whereas natural options may be used to control mild outbreaks, antiviral medications are needed for severe outbreaks. Alongside taking recommended medications, patients should observe high personal hygiene. They should keep the genital area clean and dry. Cotton undergarments facilitate fast healing of sores.